Galina Balashov (Bryukhova) was born in 1931 in Kolomna. Childhood she was spent in Lobnya and Dmitrov towns. Her father, Andrew F. Bryukhov, from an ancient noble family of Murom (the town in Vladimir rgn., Russia ), work as a forester in the Moscow region. His brother, Sergei Fedorovich, was the architect. Everyone in the family liked to draw, and this influenced Galina’s choice of profession. After graduating from high school with a silver medal, Galina in 1949 entered the Moscow Architectural Institute. Her teachers there were Y.N. Sheverdyaeva, M.F. Oleneva, N.P. Sukoyan.
After graduating from the institute in 1955, on the distribution she is directed to Kuibyshev. There for a year as a young professional she modified projects, removing unnecessary decorative elements. In 1956 she married Yuri Pavlovich Balashov, young professionals who graduated from the Moscow Physical-Technical Institute. He was distributed to OKB-1 (Design Bureau of Sergei Korolyov, now RSC “Energia” in Korolev), so Galina returned to Podmoskovie. In June 1957 with the assistance of her husband she went to work in a department of the chief architect of this company, and where she was the only certified specialist. Until 1964 Galina Balashov has been developing several projects for both the plant and for developing near city (the Palace of Culture project).
The new “Soyuz” (Union) many-placed spaceship model was shawn to Sergeн Korolev in June 1963. Unlike previous devices, except landing module, it has an additional orbital compartment in which astronauts can more easily live and work. This compartment was originally created by engineers and designers as an ascetic with a set of amount of functional boxes for the equipment. Sergey Korolev did not like it. He called the artist V.P. Dyumin and offered him to design interiors for the living compartment. Dyumin recommend Galina Balashova as the only specialist working in the enterprise for this job. It was the beginning of the Earth orbit human activity environment real architectural design in USSR.
The first introduction with the technical requirements spaceship’s orbital compartment designing was under the leadership of A.V. Afanasiev.
The “Soyuz” (Union) spaceship Orbital Compartment interior first version was made at home during the weekend. It was demonstrated by K.P. Feoktistov to the Chief Designer Sergey Korolev on Monday and it was accepted as a basis.
The first model of the orbital compartment was made on the basis of this design in the maquette department. The model was approved by Sergey Korolev. But later he asked to make the interior of the HC (in those days the Orbital Compartment was called the Household Compartment) more modern.
Galina Balashova had made two other versions of the design of the Orbital Compartment. One of them was approved by Sergey Korolev in february 1964.
When the designers developed the compartment’s working drawings Balashova had to paint the interior details in accordance with the approved project at home and to bring them to the designers. Designers used them willingly.
This continued for almost a year. Galina Balashova was occupied by the spaceship designing.
In autumn 1964 Galina Balashova was hired in the design department as an engineer. The Spaceship for the flights to the Moon – Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS) have been designed in this department. Galina Balasova has begun to design The Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS) in this department.
She has invented the new form of The Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS). It was the expanding in the bottom part sphere. Stringers and frames and the configuration of The Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS) interior were also developed by Galina Balashova. Then she coordinated the project design with the partner companies.
As the result it was one of the most interesting and aesthetically verified projects. Galina Balashova offered the “nonoriented” free composition without usual “floor” and “ceiling”. The free space is maximally differentiated. All devices are hidden in two symmetrically located on the sides closed streamlined shaped spaces. The project of The Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS) is one of outstanding works of architecture of the 1960s.
By the end of 1968 the construction of The Moon Orbital Spaceship (MOS) is actually completed. But after the USA’s successful flight in 1969 to the Moon the Moon Program was closed in USSR. During next years Galina Balashova walked by the lying on the territory of the plant spaceship’s body.
In the late 1960s, Galina Balashova is transferred to the development of the “Soyuz” (Union) as the orbital compartment, and the landing capsule.
In the early 1970s the program “Soyuz-Apollo” took place, for which the architect is involved in the design of the “Soyuz-19” (Union-19). It was necessary to do the interior not only with the additional equipment but also political significance of the event.
From 1976 to 1987 Galina Balashova was involved in the creation of the first orbital stations “Salut-6” and “Salyut-7” (Firework-6 and 7) shuttle “Buran”. She has also developed a series of pennants in honor of the international space missions and Soviet spaceships. A kind of peak of the architectural creativity in these years was the orbital station “MIR” (World, Peace). In a personal archive there two sheets of the original proposals – perspectives of working and living compartments survived.
The station “MIR” (World, Peace) which had a diameter of 4.5 meters required for a new approach. As in her previous projects the engineer-architect (that’s right “for themselves” Galina Balashova signed her drawings) made a complex engineering from the design of the volume and location of a huge number of systems on board until the installation of gyrodines (the stabilizers of rotation). The architectural section began with the functional zoning scheme: the working compartment, sitting area, cabins for sleeping. All this the first time in our practice was excellent designed. Despite the following processing, the basic scheme has remained unchanged and was used in designing and building the international space station ISS.
Since 1990 Galina Balashova is on pensions and like a true artist she gives herself entirely to her hobby – writing watercolors.